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Soon following its publication in 1806, James Beresford’s The Miseries of Human Life became ‘a minor classic in the satirical literature of the day … dozens of editions were published, and printmakers rushed to illustrate their own versions of life’s miseries’ (as described on the website of Princeton University Art Museum). Prominent among those artists and printmakers stood Rowlandson, who, almost immediately, responded to Beresford’s text with a number of drawings, some of which he etched and had published by Rudolph Ackermann. Then, in 1808, Ackermann issued a volume collecting together 50 of these etchings. However, a number of the others, equally good, including the present drawing, were never etched and have been overlooked.