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Constance Frederica Gordon-Cumming (1837-1924)


Constance Frederica Gordon-Cumming (1837-1924)

Constance Frederica Gordon-Cumming was one of the most intrepid and enterprising women travelers of the Victorian period, who also had the skill and industry to record her journeys in word and image. Encouraged by her many distinguished connections, during the height of the British Empire, she visited India, Ceylon and many of the countries of the Pacific Rim, between 1868 and 1880. The extent of her achievement is still in the process of evaluation.

Known as ‘Eka’ to her friends, Constance Frederica Gordon- Cumming was born at Altyre, near Forres, Morayshire, Scotland, on 26 May 1837. She was the 12th child of Sir William Gordon-Cumming, 2nd baronet of Altyre and Gordonstoun, and his first wife, Eliza Maria Campbell. She received her early education at home, probably from resident tutors, and taught herself to paint, with the help of several visiting artists, including Edwin Landseer.

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