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David Cox OWS PAA (1783-1859)


David Cox, OWS PAA (1783-1859)

The freedom and atmosphere of his mature landscapes of England and Wales made David Cox one of the most influential of Victorian watercolourists.

David Cox was born at Heath Mill Lane, Deritend, on the edge of Birmingham, on 29 April 1783. He was educated at a basic local day school and, from an early age, worked in his father’s smithy. But, encouraged to paint by a cousin, he took drawing lessons from the drawing master, Joseph Barber, and began an apprenticeship with Fieldler, a painter of lockets and trinkets.

When Fieldler committed suicide, in about 1800, Cox became a scenery painter, under James Demaria, at the New Theatre and, in 1804, travelled to London on the promise of similar work. When this came to little, he decided to become a watercolour painter. He was helped in this decision by John Varley who, before 1808, may have given him some lessons; however, he had begun to exhibit landscapes at the Royal Academy of Arts as early as 1805.

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Subject Category

Landscapes
Castles (1)
Mountains & Hills (1)

British Counties & Regions
Yorkshire (1)