(click image to enlarge)
Born and brought up in New Zealand, the Modernist writer, Katherine Mansfield (1888-1923), settled in England in 1908, and published her first collection of short stories, In a German Pension, in 1911. In that year, she met the writer, John Middleton Murry, who, in 1918, would become her second husband. Together they edited the magazine, Rhythm (1912-13) and its short-lived successor, The Blue Review (1913), both of which published her work. They also befriended D H Lawrence and his wife Frieda, and, as a result, would become the models for Gudrun and Gerald in Lawrence’s Women in Love (1920). Mansfield began her most prolific period of writing in 1916, drawing on her New Zealand childhood for some of her finest stories, including ‘Prelude’, which was published by Leonard and Virginia Woolf’s Hogarth Press in 1918. By that time, she had been diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis, and her poor health led her to live for long periods abroad, often seeking out unorthodox cures. Nevertheless, she continued to write, and published two mature collections of stories, Bliss (1920) and The Garden Party and Other Stories (1922). In 1922, she travelled to Fontainebleau with her lover, Ida Baker, and settled at Georges Gurdjieff’s Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man, dying there the following year.